- This term typically refers to an individual or an organization providing financial and organizational support for a play.Between 1880 and 1930, producers were often theatre owners and many were creative forces, as well as savvy business people. Prior to the 20th century, plays were often produced by star actors who were also managers of repertory companies and, in many cases, owned and operated their own theatres. In the late 19th century, to consolidate power, several prominent producers established the Theatrical Syndicate with the goal of dominating ownership and operation policies. Other producers and stars battled the Syndicate, especially Minnie Maddern Fiske and her producer husband, Harrison Grey Fiske, but its dominance was ultimately destroyed by another powerful producing organization, the Shuberts.Producers often sprang from the ranks of theatre workers; some were box office or publicity managers while others, increasingly, were actors and playwrights. To protect their interests, dramatists created producing organizations. Other high-minded production organizations sprang from the little theatre movement (Provincetown Players) and those writers, scene designers, directors, and actors striving to elevate the quality of the American stage (Theatre Guild). George M. Cohan, a leading actor, playwright, and composer, entered into a nearly twenty-year partnership with Sam H. Harris to produce not only his own plays, but many by others under the banner of Cohan and Harris Productions. Other individual producers, like Florenz Ziegfeld Jr., had less discernible specific talents, but provided artistic vision and marketing acumen.See also Actors' Equity Association; Belasco, David; Brady, William A.; Daly, Augustin; Erlanger, A. L.; Frohman, Charles; Frohman, Daniel; Golden, John; Hammerstein, Oscar I; Harris, William, Sr.; Klaw, Marc; League of New York Theatres and Producers; MacGowan, Kenneth; Nixon-Nirdlinger, Samuel F.; Pastor, Tony; Zimmerman, J. Fred.
The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. James Fisher.
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producer — pro‧duc‧er [prəˈdjuːsə ǁ ˈduːsər] noun [countable] 1. a person or organization that manages and finds the finance for films, plays etc: • Westwood One Inc., a Los Angeles based producer and distributor of radio programs 2. MANUFACTURING FARMING a … Financial and business terms
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producer — PRĂ DÚ SĂR/ s. m. producător (de filme). (< engl. producer) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN … Dicționar Român
producer — [prə do͞os′ər, prədyo͞os′ər; prōdo͞os′ər, prōdyo͞os′ər] n. 1. a person or thing that produces; specif., one who produces goods and services: opposed to CONSUMER 2. a special type of furnace for making producer gas 3. a person in charge of the… … English World dictionary
Producer — Pro*du cer, n. [1913 Webster] 1. One who produces, brings forth, or generates. [1913 Webster] 2. One who grows agricultural products, or manufactures crude materials into articles of use. [1913 Webster] 3. (Iron & Steel Manuf.) A furnace for… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Producer — Producer,der:⇨Hersteller … Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme
producer — 1510s, one who produces; agent noun from PRODUCE (Cf. produce) (v.). Of entertainments, from 1891; in political economy, opposed to consumer, from 1784 (Adam Smith) … Etymology dictionary
producer — noun 1 sb/sth that makes/grows sth ADJECTIVE ▪ big, large, large scale, leading, major, primary ▪ one of the world s largest meat producers ▪ … Collocations dictionary
producer — [[t]prədju͟ːsə(r), AM du͟ːs [/t]] ♦♦ producers 1) N COUNT A producer is a person whose job is to produce plays, films, programmes, or records. Vanya Kewley is a freelance film producer. ...Mike Morley, the producer of Central Television s Dennis… … English dictionary
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